Cataract

As we grow older, our bodies go through a number of natural changes. With the aging eye, these changes can lead to conditions that impact the quality of your vision. The most common age-related vision disorder is the development of cataracts if you’ve been diagnosed with cataracts, don’t lose hope – with successful treatment, it may be possible to regain clearer, brighter and sharper vision than you’ve had in years!

What is Cataract ?

Cataract is the clouding of natural lens of eye. Most people after fifty years of age will eventually develop cataract. Sometimes cataract can also occur in children and in younger individuals.

In the olden days it was a misconception that cataract had to be fully ripe or mature before it is to be operated. But in the present time the moment cataract start to interfere with the daily activities like watching T.V., reading, writing, driving, it can be operated.

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Vision Care - Super Speciality Eye Hospital - Goa - Vision Before Cataract Surgery
Vision Before Cataract Surgery
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After a thorough check up if you are diagnosed as having cataract, you will be advised by our Doctors or Counselors about the surgery, the various lens options available and the necessary post operative care required. In case if you wish to wait you will be given the right guidance about how long you can wait and what care to be taken during waiting period.

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Vision Care - Super Speciality Eye Hospital - Goa - Vision After Cataract Surgery
Vision After Cataract Surgery
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Cataract surgery can help restore your vision and we at Vision Care, look forward to help you to attain clear , natural vision again. We offer a range of cataract surgery techniques to suit every individual. With advanced technology seeing as well as you did your younger days is a reality !

Modern cataract surgery is done by ultrasound technology called Phacoemulsification. The cataract is removed and the natural cataractous lens is replaced by special lens which allow the eye to retain its ability to focus. Our Surgeons are highly experienced and certified in cataract surgery and will offer you the best lens with surgery. A combination of expertise, technology and care by the team will make your surgical experience at Vision Care memorable.

Contrary to popular belief, Cataract is not caused by eye strain or reading too much, but is a result of aging, injury, steroid use, exposure to UV light, smoking & diabetes. Almost every person develops cataract changes as the eye ages. It is a natural process of eye aging.

Just behind the pupil of your eye is the lens. This focuses the light entering the pupil to make a clear image in the retina. The retina changes the image into a nerve impulse so that the brain can “see” it. Usually the lens of the eye is crystal clear so that light passes through it easily. If any cloudiness develops in the lens then it starts to block the light passing through and the patient begins to get blurred vision. This clouding of the lens is called CATARACT. When the blurring gets worse it is better to have the cloudy lens removed by an operation and replaced by a clear artificial lens. Cataract surgery can be very safely performed in patients with Diabetes or Glaucoma.

Symptoms of Cataract

  • Cloudy, fuzzy, foggy, or filmy vision.
  • Changes in the way you see colors.
  • Problems driving at night because headlights seem too bright.
  • Problems with glare from lamps or the sun.
  • Frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription.
  • Double vision

Self Evaluate Yourself for Cataract
You may have CATARACT if you have any of the following complaints

  • I do not see well enough to do my best at work.
  • I need to drive, but there is too much glare from the sun or headlights.
  • I do not see well enough to do the things I need to do at home.
  • I do not see well enough to do things I like to do ( for example, read, watch TV, sew, taking a walk, play cards or go out with friends.)
  • I am afraid I will bump into something or fall.
  • Because of my cataract, I am not as independent as I would like to be.
  • My glasses do not help me see well enough.
  • My glass number is changing very frequently.
  • My weak eyesight bothers me a lot

If you have any further questions / queries, you can call us on (0832) 2256788,2256188.

Cataract Surgery.

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Vision Care - Super Speciality Eye Hospital - Goa - Cataract Surgery
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Cataract surgery today is safe, effective and quite common. In fact, if you have been told that you have a cataract, you are definitely not alone. Each year in the INDI A, more than 2.5 million people have cataract surgery.

Thanks to advanced cataract surgical procedures and lens implant technology, cataract surgery is not only one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the United States, but it is also one of the safest and most successful surgical procedures that you can have. Cataract surgery is performed on an outpatient basis and usually only requires a few hours of your time from beginning to end.

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Vision Care - Super Speciality Eye Hospital - Goa - Dr.Chandrakant Shetye performing Cataract Surgery
Dr.Chandrakant Shetye
performing Cataract Surgery
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Dr.Chandrakant P.Shetye MS(Opthalm) FIAS, Fellow Cataract Surgery Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai performs Cataract Surgery at Vision Care. Cataract surgery today is quite comfortable. First, the procedure will begin with your eye being treated with anAnesthetic so that you will feel little if anything during your surgery and minimal if any discomfort.

Your eye surgeon operates while looking through a highly specialized microscope, designed exclusively for this purpose. A very small, beveled incision, less than 2.2 mm, is made at the edge of the “clear cornea”. The clear cornea is the transparent covering of the front of the eye.

The incision is just large enough to allow phacoemulsification probe, the size of probe tip is as small as pen tip and this probe tip emulsifies the cataract.

Types of Intra Ocular Lenses

Once the Cataract is removed, a permanent, artificial lens, called an Intraocular Lens or IOL is implanted. There are two types of IOL available; Non-foldable and Foldable.

Non-foldable Lenses – (IOL):- Are made up of DMMA material, are bigger in size & bigger incisions need to be made to insert them. to insert them.

Foldable Lenses – (IOL):- Are made of a soft acrylic material.

Advantages of Foldable IOL

  • Foldable IOLs are made up of soft Acrylic material.
  • Need very small incision for insertion of Lens in the eye usually it is 2.2mm
  • Does not require stitches
  • Very short healing time upto 4-5 days only
  • Chance of infection minimal.

Patients who undergo cataract surgery now also have options for ‘upgrades’ for intraocular lenses that have never been available in the past.

Foldable Lenses (IOL) are either MONOFOCAL or MULTIFOCAL.

Monofocal Lenses (IOL):- Are designed to provide patients with enhanced distance vision but typically patients still require the use of glasses for near vision.

A Monofocal lens implant can fix your vision for one distance only. The implant can not change shape like your original lens. Thus, the patient has no ability to focus in or out and the patient will often be dependent on progressive bifocals for near vision.

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http://www.plasticbamboo.com/wp/wp/wp-content/uploads/acrysof-lens.jpg
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An aspheric IOL like AcrySoft IQ
aligns the light rays to correct spherical
aberration, resulting in enhanced
clarity and image quality.


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Multifocal Lenses (IOL):- Have revolutionized existing state-of-the-art cataract surgery. Multifocal IOL helps to achieve the ultimate goal of INDEPENDENCE from glasses.

A multifocal intraocular lens has both distance and near focal points. 80% of patients who get these lenses will never need glasses for any activity. Of those 20% of patients who need glasses for certain activities, 95% say that they would still get the bifocal lens because it gives them good vision for most activities at distance or near.

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Vision Care - Super Speciality Eye Hospital - Goa - Toric intra ocular lens
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Toric intra ocular lens implant: Vision Care Eye Hospital is first in Goa to used this lens, a design proven to correct for both cataracts and astigmatism simultaneously. Implanted in the eye to restore single-distance vision after cataract surgery, the Toric lens has a unique patented design that provides both spherical and astigmatic correction.

The Toric lens is designed to reduce corneal astigmatism and improve uncorrected functional distance vision. The Toric lens offers these advantages over traditional lens implants:

  • Correction of corneal astigmatism
  • Enhanced clarity and quality of uncorrected distance vision.
  • Filtered blue light protection
  • Rich, vibrant color perception
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Vision affected with
Cataract and astigmatism

Vision after cataract surgery
with a traditional IOL and astigamatismrs
Vision with the AcrySoft
IQ Toric IOL
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The Toric lens is ideal for patients who wish to be corrected for distance vision and are comfortable wearing glasses. Because this lens does not offer the ability to accommodate or adjust one’s vision to varying distances, glasses would be required for near and intermediate tasks for people who have this implant.

The Toric lens implant is also an excellent choice for those who drive a lot at night, as it delivers great clarity with minimal reports of glare or haloes under both bright and dim lighting conditions.

For more information and details you can call us on (0832)2256788, 2256188.

Post Cataract Care

You will be permitted to go home within one hours after cataract surgery. You may go home and rest. The eye drops are started after the dressing in the evening or next morning.

  • There is no diet restriction.
  • Playing with children is to be avoided for a few days.
  • Do not rub the eye with hand or handkerchiefs. Use only tissues which can be used and thrown away. This prevents infections.
  • Head bath is permitted after 8 days of surgery.
  • If the eyes need to be kept clean after surgery, they should be wiped with cotton dipped in boiled and cooled water.
  • Hands should be washed with soap and water before putting the eye drops.
  • All activities at home are allowed after 2 days, including reading, writing, watching TV, Cooking and taking an evening walk in non crowded areas.

How to put the drops in your eyes after operation

  • First shake the bottle and remove the cap. Hold the bottle upside down with your index finger on the bottom as in the photograph.
  • Pull down the lower lid of the eye with your other hand and hold the tip of the over the eye.
  • Press on the bottom of the bottle with the index finger and a single drop will fall into the eye. Only one drop is all that is required.